Cat bites happen due to various reasons: aggression, defense or playfulness are among the common ones. Whatever caused it, cat bites are dangerous to humans. It’s not just about gaining painful wounds but there are more health problems posed by this. So, for cat lovers, especially cat parents, learn the dangers of cat bites to take the proper precaution when playing or interacting with your calico.
#1 Pasteurella multocida
Cats carry many bacteria in their mouths. Don’t get turned off as humans also do have a fair number of bacteria in the mouth too. A common bacterium found in cats is called Pasteurella multocida. When a cat bites you, this bacteria can lead to infection when the wound isn’t cleaned and treated immediately. A condition called cellulitis in which the skin appears red and swollen and feels tender and hot happens to the infected area. This can also progress into a condition called septicemia, also known as bacteremia or blood poisoning. This is fatal to humans which just proves how much cat bites are dangerous.
Infections caused by bacteria can affect and damage joints and bones. If your hand is bitten by a cat, especially a stray one at that, the infection can destroy cartilage in your hand and cause big damage leading to amputation. In connection with the danger #1, danger #2 is sort of the next phase due to the spread of bacteria.
Everyone must be familiar with this disease. Rabies is a fatal neurological disease which can affect both animals and people. It’s caused by a virus which is usually contained or gotten from rabid animals. Cat bites from strays and from pets with unknown rabies vaccination can potentially double the danger. Which is why, it’s important for people to have a professional check the cat bites from felines with unknown status.
Tetanus is found in soil, dust and animal feces. When tetanus get into a wound, especially in a deep puncture like cat bites, this can produce a powerful toxin called tetanospasmin which impairs the nerves in your body and control your muscles or motor neurons.
#5 Fatal Diseases
Aside from sepsis mentioned in danger #1, other fatal diseases which are rare but are possible include meningitis and heart infection.
These five diseases or outcome of cat bites are dangerous to humans, deadly even. However, don’t fret too much or get paranoid as cat bites can be treated before it can cause so much harm. The two most important advice is first, clean the wound very well and second, consult your doctor. The second is vital especially if the cat bite is from a stray cat or pet with unknown vaccination status. So, we hope all cat lovers take this as precaution, treat cat bites and stay safe.